Geology Bingo Cards

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The tale of Atlantis has been interesting us throughout the previous 2,300 years. Many have discussed its importance and presence. In another article, I expounded on logical confirmation that something extremely, huge happened the year Plato’s legendary island realm was gulped by the ocean. That without help from anyone else is invigorating, yet it doesn’t demonstrate Atlantis existed. In any serious conversation of this legend, the subject of geography is at the center. Without a sensible clarification for how Atlantis was topographically conceivable, any contention for the past truth of that lost island is powerless, best case scenario.

Geography 101

Present day topography visit incorporates the subject of plate tectonics. The Earth is partitioned into in excess of twelve such plates – – a few huge ones and numerous more modest ones. These plates are not totally unbending, homogenous material. They are cracked, broken, split and clasping from the powers of development against one another. At the limits of these plates, activities can be,

Cross over – – sliding past one another
Joined – – advancing toward one another
Unique – – creating some distance from one another.
Plate limits are inclined to quakes and volcanic action. The vast majority of the world’s mountains are framed close to plate limits, brought about by plate combination, or an activity known as “subduction” and its resulting impact, “crustal collapsing” (the clasping of the World’s hull). This collapsed or clasped hull is the mountains. Models incorporate the Andes of South America, the Alps of Europe and the Himalayas of Asia. Subduction is just the activity of one plate endeavoring to slide under another. The activity of billions of lots of rock scouring against billions of lots of other stone makes bunches of rubbing. Crustal collapsing is the aftereffect of this rubbing. This rubbing is, as a result, protection from the development of the plates against one another. Also, that obstruction is changed over into mountains.

Atlantis: Area

There have been various areas picked for Atlantis, from Sweden to Indonesia. Essentially every one of them are off-base. Plato was very clear on the area. All of the others are, by definition, not Atlantis. As per Timaeus and Critias, the two exchanges which are the wellspring of the Atlantis story, the lost island was past the Waterway of Gibraltar, in the Atlantic Sea. The closest piece of Atlantis was confronting a locale in Southwestern Spain called Gadira. This is the area encompassing present day Cadiz (Phoenician Gadir, Roman Gades and Moorish Qadis). Most inquirers overlook this quite certain detail from Critias.

Development of the Africa Plate

Quite a while back, Africa was settled against the eastern shore of South America. The heft of Eurasia was far toward the North, across the Tethys Ocean. More than great many years, Africa turned away from South America, shaping the South Atlantic and shutting the Western Tethys to turn into the Mediterranean. The North Atlantic had proactively started opening a couple million years sooner between North America and Eurasia.

Sooner or later in the last hundred million years, Africa and Eurasia were creating some distance from the Americas. The mid-Atlantic Edge (a generally dissimilar limit) was making new maritime outside layer, adding new material to the plates on one or the other side. A liveliness of plate development for the last 240 million years, provided by the US Topographical Assistance, shows that Africa pushed toward the north toward Eurasia, at long last shutting the Mediterranean in the East.

Atlantis: Geographical Speculation

Atlantis, in the event that it existed, would have been the aftereffect of crustal collapsing as the Africa plate endeavored to subduct under the Eurasian in the North Atlantic. The toward the north development of the Africa plate made a subduction zone all over its boundary with the Eurasian plate. Around a long time back, something made harm the plate limit nearby what is currently the Azores submerged level. This harm made an obstruction to subduction locally. All toward the north development by the Africa plate, here, was changed over into crustal collapsing.